Sharjah (Arabic: الشارقة) is the third largest emirate in the United Arab Emirates, and is the only one to have land on both the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Sharjah is ruled by His Highness Sheikh Sultan al-Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Amir of Sharjah.
In addition there are three enclaves belonging to Sharjah situated on the east coast, bordering the Gulf of Oman. These are Kalba, Khor Fakkan and Dibba al-Husn. The emirate has an area of 2,590 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 3.3 per cent of the country's total area, excluding the islands. The capital city of Sharjah, which overlooks the Persian Gulf has a population of 519,000 (2003 census estimate). It contains the main administrative and commercial centers together with an especially impressive array of cultural and traditional projects, including several museums. Distinctive landmarks are the two major covered souqs, reflecting Islamic design; a number of recreational areas and public parks such as Al Jazeirah Fun Park and Al Buheirah Corniche. The city is also notable for its numerous elegant mosques. The Emirate of Sharjah is also known to be the Cultural Capital of the UAE. The Expo Center of Sharjah is well known for the annual book fair that is famous all over the region. The Amir personally takes keen interest in this event which brings together hundreds of publishers from all over the world and thousands of titles. Links with the outside world are provided by Sharjah International Airport and Port Khalid. It also encompasses some important oasis areas, the most famous of which is Dhaid where a wide range of vegetables and fruits are cultivated on its rich and fertile soil. Khor Fakkan provides Sharjah with a major east coast port. An offshore island of Sir Abu Nuáir belongs to Sharjah. Sharjah also claims the Iranian island of Abu Musa. It has one Omani enclave, the Madha territory, wherein lies an UAE exclave, called Nahwa. is a sister city to Dubai and Ajman (two fellow emirates) on both its borders. It is about 170 Kilometres away from the capital city Abu Dhabi. Sharjah enjoys a pleasant climate from October to April with warm sunshine in the day time, cool weather in the evening and low humidity. The temperature in the daytime varies from 18 degrees to 26 degrees Celsius. Rainfall in Sharjah Weather is scanty and can be seen during the months of January, February and March. The rainfall is sometimes accompanied with tropical storms as well. If you are visiting Sharjah during the Rainy Season, keep a good pair of rubber boots that would help you to walk the streets easily after a heavy shower. Sharjah weather is hot from May to September and the temperature in the daytime can rise as high as 45 degrees during July - August. The temperature during night goes to around 30 degrees Celsius, thereby keeping the nights warm. The humidity during this time is almost 100%, which is like boiling hot. This is only reason why Sharjah is not at all advisable as a destination to visit during summers. In fact, the people of Sharjah also head towards cooler climates during the summer season.